Automatic Density Meter

The Rudolph DDM 2911 Plus / 2911 / 2910 / 2909 Density Meters have the features to meet all the present day industrial needs.

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Digital Refractometer

Rudolph have a large bouquet of various models of Refractometers to choose from. It varies depending on the application, the RI range, accuracy, budget among others.

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Digital Polarimeters

Rudolph manufactures various models of Polarimeters depending on accuracy, resolution, application, Temperature maintenance and budget. They vary from Autopol I to Autopol VI

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AUTOPOL VII Automatic Polarimeter

Rudolph’s latest in the series of Polarimeter - Autpol VII comes with fully automated sample loading combined with versatile sample loading, cell cleaning, rinsing, and drying built-In quartz plates automatically performing 3 point validation etc. comes as a total package.

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Portable Brix Meter

KEM, Japan Brixmeter model BX-1 is an automatic, digital system with an LCD display. The range is continuous between 0 – 85%Brix. The resolution is 0.1%Brix. This system is equipped with temperature compensation and has an IP-65 protection. This means that the system can be washed under the tap directly for cleaning the previous sample.

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Portable Density Meter

The KEM, Japan portable Densitymeter model DA-130N is a microprocessor controlled system with an LCD display. It operates out of the ASTM approved "oscillation of the U-tube" method. It displays Density, Temperature-compensated Density, Specific Gravity, Temperature-compensated Specific Gravity, Brix%, Alcohol Concentration, Sulfuric Acid Concentration, API degree, Baume degree, Plato degree, Proof degree etc.

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Portable Refractometer

KEM, Japan portable Refractometer model RA130 is a light-weight, easy-to-use and a handy system. It is a microprocessor controlled instrument with an LCD display. The sample can either be dripped on the prism or the prism of the system can also be dipped into the sample beaker to measure RI. Since the system is IP-65 protected the system can be directly immersed into the sample beaker also.

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Texture Analyser

Shimadzu Texture Analyser is ideal and effective for testing Food (Texture Profile Analysis), Pharmaceutical Substances, Packaging materials, Medical Devices etc.. It can be fixed with a variety of jigs and fixtures. For the Food Industries many parameters including Hardness, Brittleness, Adhesiveness, Cohesiveness, Elasticity, Rubberness, Chewability etc. can be obtained from the user friendly software Trapezium X Texture

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Universal / Tensile Testing Machine

Shimadzu Universal Testing Machine helps you to determine Tensile strength , Shear Test , Elongation Test for various materials which includes metals , plastics , rubber , wires etc .

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Contact Angle Meter

Kyowa Contact Angle Meter can perform Sessile Drop Method, Extension/Contraction method, Surface / Interfacial tension of liquids with Pendant drop method, Sliding Method & Dynamic Sliding Method. Model DMe-701 is the most automatic model and even stage movement and Droplet deposition are controlled through the PC. Right from the basest of models right upto Model DMe-701 are available depending on the application, capabilities, budget etc..

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Surface Tensiometer

Surface Tensiometers are widely used to check Surface Tension of Paints , Inks , Additives , Surfactant etc & same instrument is also used for the measurement of IFT - INTERFACIAL TENSION. The Interfacial Tension is mostly used in the study of quality of Transformer Oil.

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Mark-10 Corporation is a world-renowned manufacturer of Force and Torque measurement products. Their product profile includes Force gauges, Torque gauges, Test stands (manual), Test stands (motorised) and Force/Torque indicators.

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Biochemical Oxygen Demand

The BOD analysis is one of the most common applications for water laboratories. The test is used as an indication of the organic quality of water. All Skalar Robotic Analyzers can provide the automation for BOD according to EPA 405.1/ISO 5815-1. Various possibilities are available based on the sample load, budget and the level of automation. From 32 up to 120 BOD bottles can be set as uninterrupted sample batches. Sample trays can be added during analysis runs to handle any required sample load.

The analyzers can hold all available standard BOD bottles, and a wide range of sample trays are provided for various incubators. The automation of the labor-intensive BOD application can save up to 85% of operator time and provides the required consistency for the application.

A typical BOD analysis sequence:

Samples are pipetted, either manual or automatically (option), into the BOD bottles and the identity and the dilutions are entered or downloaded from LIMS into the sample table. Bottles are placed in the racks and placed on the Robotic Analyzer. Analyzer is started by operator. The manipulator sets the Oxygen probe in position, bottle is capped and filled with Nitrification inhibitor (ATU) and/or seed (option) and dilution water. Sample is then stirred and the initial Oxygen value is measured. The bottle is capped and the Oxygen probe and stirrer are rinsed before going to the next sample. The same procedure is followed until a value is recorded for all samples. The sample racks are placed in a 20°C incubator for 5 days. After incubation the racks are placed on the Robotic analyzer. The operator starts the analyzer. The bottle is decapped. The sample is stirred and the final Oxygen value is measured. The BOD value is calculated. The bottle is capped or the cap is discarded in a collector (SP100 only). This procedure is repeated until all samples are measured. The data can be presented on screen, printed or converted to a file compatible with other software and LIMS's.

If there is a requirement for other analyses such as pH, conductivity, alkalinity and turbidity then these methods can be combined with BOD on the same robot.

Steps of Automation

  • Pippetting of the sample (option)
  • Addition of Nitrification inhibitor (ATU) and/or Seed
  • Addition of dilution water
  • Sample homogenization
  • Measurement of initial Dissolved Oxygen value (DO1)
  • Probe/stirrer rinsing between each measurement
  • Bottle capping/decapping (option)
  • Measurement of final DO2 value
  • Calculation of BOD according required regulations
Comparison Skalar analyzers alt
Sample capacity

32 bottles


54 bottles


90 bottles


120 bottles


Probes 1 Up to 2 Up to 6 Up to 5
Auto capping/decapping - - Dual Single
Sample pipetting station Option Option Option Option
Multiple parameters analysis Yes Yes Yes Yes
Barcode reader Option Option Option Option
Typical throughput 40-50 bottles/hr 80-100 bottles/hr 160-200 bottles/hr 200-250 bottles/hr




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Skalar's extensive range of Robotic Analyzers offers the routine analytical laboratories flexible and tailor-made automation solutions. Automation is available for e.g. BOD, COD, pH, Conductivity (EC), Alkalinity, Carbonate/Bicarbonate, Turbidity, Color, Ion Selective Electrodes (ISE) applications and Clay fraction analysis etc.. Combinations of analyses or custom-made applications are possible. All applied methods are in compliance with international regulations ISO, EPA, Standard Methods and DIN etc.

The Robotic line consists of four different models:

  • SP10 (small sized batches)
  • SP50 (Medium sized batches)
  • SP1000 (Large sized batches)
  • SP100 (Large sized batches)

Every model has their specific advantages, but all providing hands-free, walk-away automation. Each Robot has a different capacity, from small to large sample batches and from small to large sample volumes.


The design of the Robotic Analyzers allows the instruments to meet your exact requirements resulting in increased productivity and accuracy of results, while reducing the sample turn-around time, costs per sample and eliminating errors and operator/sample interaction.

The analyzers are equipped as standard with a probe and stirrer and optionally the analyzer can be extended with dispenser(s) and diluent pump(s). Some models have multiple probe(s) and automatic bottle (de)-capper possibilities. Various removable sample racks are available for both standard and customized sample containers. A range of detectors (up to 6) can be connected to the analyzer for multiple analyses either sequential or simultaneous depending on application and analyzer model. Standard commercially available meters and probes are used.

Optionally the system can be configured as a pipetting station that can dilute the original sample to different sized vials, which can be offered to different instruments for analysis.

The analyzers are supplied with software for data handling and instrument control. The versatility and flexibility of the analyzers and the software allows an easy integration into any laboratory environment.



Total Carbon and Total Nitrogen / Protein Analyzer for solid and liquid samples

The analysis of Carbon and Nitrogen is important in soil, plant, animal feed, food samples, sediments and sludge samples. The Skalar PrimacsSNC Analyzer combines the analysis of Total Carbon (TC) and Total Nitrogen (TN) in one unit using high temperature catalytic combustion. The samples are introduced into the high temperature combustion oven by the unique vertical "bottom-to-top"sample introduction system.

At 1050°C the carbon is completely oxidized to CO2 in the presence of a catalyst. The CO2 is measured by Non Dispersive Infra Red Detection (NDIR) for Total Carbon. The analysis of Nitrogen is based upon the well-proven DUMAS technology. Nitrogen is converted in NxOy which is is reduced at 600°C to N2. The N2 gas is measured by Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD). The PrimacsSNC analyzer provides an accurate and reliable solution for the automation of Total Carbon and Total Nitrogen analysis and has been designed as an easy-to-use and low maintenance analyzer. Due to the unique vertical "bottom-to-top" sample introduction the sample ashes remain in the crucible after the analysis and are taken out of the instrument with removal of the crucible. This avoids sample ash build-up in the combustion zone and therefore reduces the maintenance. The re-usable crucibles and the low consumption of combustion and carrier gas result in a low cost-per-test.

The PrimacsSERIES Carbon / Nitrogen Analyzers have been designed to offer a true solution of Carbon and/or Nitrogen analysis in solid samples. Depending on the requirement of the laboratory and the applications a variety of analyzers is available.



Total Nitrogen Analyzer

The FormacsTN Analyzer uses the ND20 Total Nitrogen detector for the analysis of Total Nitrogen (TN). Total Nitrogen can be measured in a range from low ppb levels to high ppm levels with high accuracy in a short analysis time using chemiluminescence detection (CLD). 

The sample is injected into the high temperature furnace where it is catalytically combusted at 850°C. Oxidative pyrolysis causes the chemically bound nitrogen to be converted to nitric oxide, which is measured by CLD The Formacs TN analyzer also provides a unique cost-effective and safer alternative for Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) analysis, by an integrated NN-reactor for the analysis of NO3 + NO2 (NN). The TKN value is determined in two steps, i.e. the analysis of Total Nitrogen (TN) and the analysis of NO3 + NO2 via chemical reduction, where NO3 and NO2 are reduced to nitric oxide (NO) and detected via CLD detection. The TKN value is obtained automatically by subtraction: TKN = TN - NN. This unique alternative method of TKN analysis results in a very fast analysis time (5 min.), and eliminates the use of hazardous digestion acids.

Products and Accessories

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Why Agaram?

  • Instruments only from world-renowned manufacturers
  • Efficient after-sales service
  • Strong presence throughout India
  • Round the clock support via email and phone
  • Readily available instrument demonstration at a location of your choice

Demo Requisition


Seeing is Believing

Email us your details and we shall conduct a demo of our system at your facility.

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